White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica

adult
Brian E. Small/VIREO
juvenile
Brian E. Small/VIREO
adult
Rob Curtis/VIREO
adult
Greg Lasley/VIREO
White-winged Dove

Description

12" (30 cm). A brownish-gray dove with blackish wings that have a broad diagonal white bar; rounded tail has whitish corners noticeable in flight.

Voice

Drawn out hooo-hooo-ho-hooo or who-cooks-for-you.

Listen

songs #2
songs #1

Habitat

Open country with dense thickets of shrubs and low trees; also in suburban and agricultural areas.

Range

Breeds in southwestern United States and southern Texas. Winters south of United States; small numbers on Gulf Coast east to Florida. Also in American tropics.

Discussion

Many northern species of pigeons and doves are seed eaters, but tropical species feed primarily on fruit. The White-winged Dove enjoys both: In the desert its main seasonal food is the fruit of cacti; elsewhere it supplements its seed diet with berries. In some areas, these doves nest in huge colonies covering many acres. When the birds rise, flashing their conspicuous white wing patches, they are a handsome sight.

Nesting

2 cream-buff eggs in a frail platform of loose twigs in low bushes.

Similar Species

adult

Eurasian Collared-Dove

13-14" (31-34 cm). W. 25-28" (63-70 cm). Larger than a Mourning Dove. Generally gray-brown with vinous pink flush, especially on chest.

adult

Mourning Dove

12" (30 cm). Soft, sandy buff with a long pointed tail bordered with white. Black spots on wings.

adult

White-tipped Dove

12" (30 cm). Brown with whitish forehead, belly, and tail tips; chestnut wing linings.

Vireo

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