Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris

adult
Harold Stiver/VIREO
adults
Rick and Nora Bowers/VIREO
Red-billed Pigeon

Description

14" (36 cm). A large pigeon, deep maroon and gray, without distinctive markings; bill red with pale tip.

Voice

Loud, high-pitched, clear coo, followed by a 3-syllable coo repeated 3 times.

Listen

cooing
cooing

Habitat

Thick forests and woodland borders, often near water.

Range

Breeds in lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas to Costa Rica. Most winter farther south.

Discussion

This tropical pigeon is found in the densely wooded bottomlands near the U.S.-Mexico border and occasionally in more open country around clearings in the forest, or in groves of large trees along rivers. It feeds in the crowns of tall trees on wild figs, other fruits, various nuts, and seeds. Like many other pigeons, it makes a series of cooing calls and a loud clapping noise with its wings as it rises in flight.

Nesting

1 white egg in a nest of sticks, lined with grass or fibers and placed in a bush or tree.

Similar Species

adult

Band-tailed Pigeon

14-15 1/2" (36-39 cm). Larger than Rock Pigeon. Dark gray above; pale gray terminal band on tail. Head and underparts purplish plum, whitening toward extreme lower belly.

adult

White-crowned Pigeon

13" (33 cm). Dark gray, with conspicuous white crown. Darker Rock Pigeons have shorter tails and white rather than blackish wing linings.

Vireo

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