Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata

adult male, Myrtle, breeding
Rob Curtis/VIREO
adult female, Audubon's, breeding
Brian E. Small/VIREO
immature female (1st winter), Myrtle (1st year)
Richard Crossley/VIREO
adult male, Audubon's, breeding
Laure W. Neish/VIREO
adult female, Myrtle
Arthur Morris/VIREO
adult male, Audubon's, breeding
Glenn Bartley/VIREO
immature male (1st winter), Myrtle(1st fall)
Johann Schumacher/VIREO
immature male( (1st winter) Audubon's (1st year)
Rick and Nora Bowers/VIREO
Yellow-rumped Warbler
Yellow-rumped Warbler



5-6" (13-15 cm). Breeding male dull bluish above, streaked with black; breast and flanks blackish. Rump, crown, and small area at sides of breast yellow. Western male ("Audubon's Warbler") has yellow throat, large white patch in folded wing. Eastern male ("Myrtle Warbler") has white throat, 2 white wing bars. Females, fall males, and young are streaked gray-brown but always have yellow rump and white spots in tail.


A colorless buzzy warble; a sharp chek!


Myrtle seep calls
Audubon's songs #2
Myrtle songs #1
Myrtle songs #2
Myrtle songs #3
Myrtle tchep calls
Audubon's songs #1
Audubon's chwit calls


Coniferous and mixed forests; widespread during migration and in winter.


Breeds from northern Alaska, northern Manitoba, central Quebec, and Newfoundland south in West to northern Mexico and in East to Michigan, northern New York, Massachusetts, and Maine. Winters from southern part of breeding range southward into tropics.


Until recently, the eastern and western populations of the Yellow-rumped Warbler were thought to be two distinct species, respectively the "Myrtle Warbler" and "Audubon's Warbler." However, it has been found that in the narrow zone where the ranges of the two come together, the birds hybridize freely. In the East, the "Myrtle Warbler" is an abundant migrant, and the only warbler that regularly spends the winter in the northern states. Yellow-rumped Warblers are vivid and conspicuous birds that search for food both high and low in Douglas firs or pines. They most often sing from the high canopy of trees. During winter they disperse in loose flocks, and usually two or three birds at most are observed at a time. The birds constantly chirp a "contact call" that keeps the flock together.


4 or 5 white eggs, spotted and blotched with brown, in a bulky nest of twigs, rootlets, and grass, lined with hair and feathers and placed in a conifer.

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