RedheadAythya americana

adult male, breeding
Glenn Bartley/VIREO
adult female, breeding
Glenn Bartley/VIREO
adult male, breeding
Glenn Bartley/VIREO
nonbreeding adults
Herbert Clarke/VIREO
Redhead
Redhead

Description

18-22" (46-56 cm). Male gray, with brick-red head and black breast. Female duller and browner, with light area around base of bill; has larger and rounder head than female Ring-necked Duck. Both sexes have pale gray wing stripe and pale blue-gray bill. Similar Canvasback has whiter body and sloping forehead and bill.

Voice

Like the meow of a cat; also quacks..

Listen

courting group
male mew calls
female harsh quacks

Habitat

Nests in marshes but at other times is found on open lakes and bays; often on salt water in winter.

Range

Breeds from Alaska and British Columbia east to Minnesota and south to California and Colorado. Winters in southern half of United States, Mississippi Valley, and Great Lakes region.

Discussion

Redheads do most of their feeding at night, spending the daylight hours resting on water. Formerly more abundant, this diving duck has declined greatly because of the twin pressures of hunting and habitat destruction. In many areas the introduction of carp from Eurasia has caused the destruction of its aquatic food plants. There are now said to be about 600,000 Redheads left in North America.

Nesting

10-16 buff eggs in a woven cup of reeds lined with white down and attached to marsh vegetation.

Similar Species

adult male

Canvasback

19-24" (48-61 cm). Male has a whitish body, black chest, and reddish head with low forehead. Long bill gives head a distinctive sloping profile. Female grayish, with sandy-brown head.

Vireo

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