Red KnotCalidris canutus

adult, breeding
Arthur Morris/VIREO
Arthur Morris/VIREO
adult, nonbreeding
Rick and Nora Bowers/VIREO
adult, molting to breeding plumage
Doug Wechsler/VIREO
adult, nonbreeding
Manuel Grosselet/VIREO
Red Knot
Red Knot



10.5" (27 cm). A robin-sized shorebird. Breeding adults have pinkish-rufous face and underparts, dark brown upperparts with pale feather edgings. Fall birds gray above, whitish below. Rump dark; wing stripe faint; bill straight and slightly tapered; legs greenish.


A soft quer-wer; also a soft knut.


foraging calls
song & calls


Breeds on tundra; during migration, on tidal flats, rocky shores and beaches.


Breeds on islands in high Arctic of Canada. Winters on coasts from California and Massachusetts southward to southern South America. Also in Eurasia.


In breeding plumage, with their rich rufous underparts, set off by marbled gray backs, Red Knots are among the handsomest of shorebirds. Those that winter in southern South America may make a round trip of nearly 20,000 miles (32,000 kilometers) each year.


4 olive-buff eggs, spotted wit brown, in a slight depression lined with lichens, often among rocks.

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