Olive WarblerPeucedramus taeniatus

adult male
Rick and Nora Bowers/VIREO
adult female
Brian E. Small/VIREO
adult male
Greg Lasley/VIREO
Olive Warbler


4 1/2-5" (11-13 cm). Tawny orange head, nape, and breast; broad black mask extends from bill to behind ear. Gray above, white below, with dark wings and tail, and broad white wing bars. Female has olive-gray crown, nape, and ear patch; upperparts gray; eye stripe, throat, and upper breast have dingy yellowish wash; belly white. Plumage duller in fall; young males resemble females.


Song a whistled, titmouse-like series of phrases: peter-peter-peter. Call a down-slurred kew.


songs #1
songs #2


High-altitude pine and subalpine fir belts in mountains.


Breeds in central and southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico. Winters mainly south of U.S.-Mexico border.


The Olive Warbler has no close allies among the warblers, and indeed may not really be a warbler at all. It is currently placed in its own family, Peucedramidae. Its habits are not well known since it lives in tall trees, often in inaccessible mountains.


3 or 4 grayish-white or bluish eggs, heavily speckled with black, in a neat cup of fine rootlets, grass, moss, and lichens, placed high in a conifer near the end of a horizontal branch.

Similar Species

adult male

Grace's Warbler

4 1/2-5" (11-13 cm).

adult male, breeding

Hermit Warbler

4 1/2" (11 cm). Yellow head; black chin and throat; gray back; white underparts with black-streaked flanks. Gray wings and tail, with white wing bars and outer tail feathers.

adult male


4-4 1/2" (10-11 cm). Smaller than a chickadee, a little larger than a Bushtit. Gray with yellow head and throat; chestnut patch at bend of wing; white underparts.


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