Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina

adult male
Greg Lasley/VIREO
adult female
Gerard Bailey/VIREO
immature female (1st year)
Rob Curtis/VIREO
adult male
Glenn Bartley/VIREO
adult female
Jim Culbertson/VIREO
adults with nestlings
Ron Austing/VIREO
Hooded Warbler
Hooded Warbler

Family

Description

5 1/2" (14 cm). Olive above, yellow below. Male has yellow face, black hood and black throat. Female lacks hood or has only a trace of it. Both sexes have white tail spots. See Bachman's Warbler.

Voice

Clear, ringing tawee-tawee-tawee-tee-o.

Listen

songs #1
songs #2
chink calls
songs #3
dawn song #2
dawn song #1

Habitat

Mature, moist forests with luxuriant undergrowth, especially in ravines; also in wooded swamps.

Range

Breeds from Iowa, Michigan, and southern New England south to Gulf Coast and northern Florida. Winters in tropics.

Discussion

The male is one of the most handsome in the family and, unlike many others, has a loud, penetrating, and very melodious song. Even the female, which is much less strikingly patterned and colored, has conspicuous white tail spots and flirts her tail-like the male-by flashing the white tail patches as she moves about. This species usually ranges at a low level, rarely 10 feet (3 meters) above the ground. Like most members of the family, it is adept at fly-catching.

Nesting

3 or 4 creamy-white, brown-spotted eggs in a grass-lined nest of dead leaves and plant fibers, placed low in a small tree or shrub.

Similar Species

adult male

Connecticut Warbler

5 1/2" (14 cm). Olive green above, dull yellow below; head, throat, and upper breast gray in males and dull brownish in females. Has conspicuous, unbroken white eye ring. No wing bars.

adult male

Kentucky Warbler

5 1/2" (14 cm). Olive green above, bright yellow below; black forecrown, lores, and sides of throat; bright yellow "spectacles." No wing bars. Sexes similar.

adult male

Mourning Warbler

5 1/2" (14 cm). Similar to Connecticut Warbler: olive above and bright yellow below with a gray hood; no eye ring. Male has black patch below throat; female has gray throat.

adult male

MacGillivray's Warbler

4 3/4-5 1/2" (12-14 cm). Slate gray hood extending to upper breast, where it darkens to black. Olive green above, yellow below; female slightly paler. Both sexes have broken white eye ring.

adult male, breeding

Canada Warbler

5" (13 cm). Solid gray above, without wing bars, yellow below; yellow "spectacles"; black-spotted "necklace" on breast. Female similar but duller, with only a trace of necklace.

adult male, Pacific

Wilson's Warbler

4 1/2-5" (11-13 cm). Adult male olive green above and yellow below, with black crown patch.

adult male

Dickcissel

6" (15 cm). Male like miniature meadowlark (yellow breast with black V), but has heavy bill and chestnut wing patch.

Vireo

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