Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva
5 1/2" (14 cm). A stocky swallow with a square tail, steel-blue upperparts, buff throat and rump, and chestnut forehead. The more widespread Cliff Swallow is similar, but has chestnut throat and white forehead, or, in Southwest, a chestnut forehead.
Series of squeaks, twitters, and warbles.
Recordings © Lang Elliott, Kevin Colver, Martyn Stewart, Bob McGuire, and others. Musicofnature.com. All Rights Reserved.
Chiefly open country near caves and cliffs.
Breeds in southern Texas, southeastern New Mexico, and rarely in southern Arizona. Winters in tropics.
These birds are extremely local north of the Mexican border, and relatively few nest within the United States. Most nests are in inaccessible places, plastered to walls far inside remote caves and crevices. Like all swallows, Cave Swallows catch their insect prey on the wing. Birdwatchers have increasingly noted late fall incursions northward along the Atlantic seacoast as far north as Nova Scotia and inland along Lake Champlain.
4 brown-spotted pinkish eggs in a mud nest lined with grass, roots, and feathers, attached to a cliff wall, cave, or, occasionally, to a bridge or old building.