Buff-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia yucatanensis

adult
Glenn Bartley/VIREO
adult male
Brian E. Small/VIREO
adult female
Dr. Joseph Turner/VIREO
immature male
Dr. Joseph Turner/VIREO
adult
Greg Lasley/VIREO
Buff-bellied Hummingbird
Buff-bellied Hummingbird

Family

Description

4 1/2" (11 cm). Green above with glittering green throat, brown tail, and tawny or rich buff belly. Bill long and thin, bright orange-red with black tip.

Voice

Shrill squeaks.

Listen

foraging calls

Habitat

Woodland borders and thickets.

Range

Breeds in lower Rio Grande Valley of Texas. Rare in winter there and elsewhere along Gulf Coast.

Discussion

This mainly Mexican species may be found among dense tangled thickets and vines in light, open woodlands. It also feeds on flowers in gardens. Unlike most other hummers north of Mexico, the sexes are alike in color. It usually leaves the Rio Grande area in winter and retires southward into adjacent Mexico until the following spring.

Nesting

2 white eggs in woven nest of plant fibers decorated with lichens, saddled to the limb of a tree or shrub.

Similar Species

adult

Berylline Hummingbird

3 1/2-4 1/4" (9.5-11 cm). Iridescent green above and below, with deep chestnut wings, tail, and rump. Belly chestnut in male only; female belly grayish. Base of lower mandible red.

adult male

Broad-billed Hummingbird

3 1/4-4" (8-10 cm). Male dark green above and below, with bright metallic-blue gorget (throat patch). Bright red-orange bill with black tip.

Vireo

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