Blue-throated HummingbirdLampornis clemenciae

adult male
Rick and Nora Bowers/VIREO
adult female
Arthur Morris/VIREO
adult male
Brian E. Small/VIREO
adult female
Brian E. Small/VIREO
adult male
Sid & Shirley Rucker/VIREO
adult female
Sid & Shirley Rucker/VIREO
Blue-throated Hummingbird
Blue-throated Hummingbird

Family

Description

4 1/2 -5" (11-13 cm). A very large hummingbird. Male green above, dusky gray below, with bright blue gorget. Blue-black tail with broad white corners on outer tail feathers. Female closely resembles female Magnificent Hummingbird, but has much larger white margins on tail feathers. Both sexes have thin white stripes above and below eyes.

Voice

A loud seep, often repeated, uttered in flight as well as when perching.

Listen

song
calls

Habitat

Streamside growth in canyons.

Range

Breeds in southeastern Arizona and southwestern New Mexico, and western Texas. Winters in Mexico.

Discussion

Blue-throated Hummingbirds are rapid fliers whose wings make an audible humming sound. They take both nectar and insects. Studies in Mexico show that their nests are always sheltered from rain and sun and located near water, where flowering vegetation abounds. The Blue-throated returns to such a site year after year.

Nesting

2 white eggs in a large cup nest with green mosses woven into the outside wall, fastened to a vertical plant stalk, occasionally in the shelter of cabins or on electrical wires; usually over or near water.

Similar Species

adult male

Magnificent Hummingbird

4 1/2 -5 1/2" (11-14 cm). A large, long-tailed hummingbird. Male deep green above, black below, with iridescent purple forehead and crown and metallic-green gorget.

adult

Violet-crowned Hummingbird

3 3/4-4 1/2" (10-11 cm). Bronze above, white below, including throat; no gorget. Crown violet-blue; bill red with dark tip. Sexes similar.

Vireo

iPad Promo