Black-capped VireoVireo atricapilla

adult female
Greg Lasley/VIREO
adult male
Greg Lasley/VIREO
adult male
Greg Lasley/VIREO
juvenile
Rick and Nora Bowers/VIREO
Black-capped Vireo
Black-capped Vireo

Family

Description

4 1/2 -4 3/4" (11-12 cm). Smaller than a sparrow. Olive green above, white below; crown and sides of head glossy black; white "spectacles." Female similar, but crown and sides of head slate-gray.

Voice

Harsh and varied phrases, sometimes musical.

Listen

song #2
song #1
calls
jumbled song

Habitat

Dense oak scrub and juniper thickets.

Range

Breeds from Kansas south through Oklahoma to central Texas. Winters in Mexico.

Discussion

This little vireo, with its restricted range, differs from most vireos in being rather nervous and active-more like a warbler in its behavior. It is a tireless singer but is often difficult to find in the dense oak scrub. It has a titmouse-like habit of hanging upside down while foraging among twigs.

Nesting

4 unspotted white eggs in a well-made pendant cup of plant fibers and bark strips decorated with lichens and concealed in a shrub or bush.

Similar Species

adult, Northern

White-eyed Vireo

5" (13 cm). Warbler-sized. Olive green above and white below with yellow flanks; yellow "spectacles;" white wing bars. Adult has white eye; immature has dark eye.

adult

Plumbeous Vireo

5-6" (13-15 cm).

adult

Blue-headed Vireo

5-6" (13-15 cm). Blue-gray crown, nape, and face; olive-green back; white throat and underparts; 2 broad white wing-bars and large white "spectacles;" yellow flanks and sides.

Vireo

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