Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii
5 1/2" (14 cm). Gray-brown above, white below, with white eyebrow and long fan-shaped tail tipped with white.
Loud, melodious song with the usual bubbly wren-like warble, also reminiscent of a Song Sparrow.
harsh alarm calls
song and call #2
song & call #1
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Thickets, brush piles, and hedgerows in farming country; also open woodlands and scrubby areas, often near streams.
Resident locally from southern British Columbia, Nebraska, southern Ontario, and southwestern Pennsylvania south to Mexico, Arkansas, and northern Gulf States. Eastern birds winter south to Gulf Coast.
Bewick's Wren uses its long, narrow, slightly down-curved bill for scavenging on the ground and picking in crevices for insects and spiders. Searching for food, it may venture into hollow trunks, rock crevices, or barns. Bewick's Wren was named by Audubon for Thomas Bewick (1753-1828), the English naturalist and engraver. Although this species resembles the somewhat larger Carolina Wren, it has an entirely different song and, at close range, shows white in the outer tail feathers. Eastern populations dropped drastically,possibly do to the expansion of House Wrens which remove eggs, starting early in the 20th century, and now it is nearly restricted to the West.
5-7 brown-spotted white eggs in a stick nest lined with leaves, grass, and feathers, and placed in almost any available cavity, including woodpecker holes, tin cans, coat pockets or sleeves, baskets, tool sheds, and brush piles.