New World Sparrows

279 species: Worldwide except the Australian region. Fifty-two species breed in North America.

adult
Melozone aberti
8-9" (20-23 cm). Grayish brown above; slightly paler underparts, with buffy belly and tawny undertail. Black facial patch surrounds pale bill.
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adult
Spizella arborea
5 1/2-6 1/2" (14-17 cm). Gray head with rufous crown and ear stripe; streaked brown above; two prominent wingbars; plain gray below, with dark spot in center of breast. Similar to Field Sparrow, but...
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adult
Peucaea aestivalis
6" (15 cm). A dull-colored nondescript bird, streaked above, plain below, with buff breast.
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adult
Ammodramus bairdii
5-5 1/2" (13-14 cm). A pale streaked sparrow. Whitish below; breast crossed by a band of narrow black streaks; bright ocher crown stripe.
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adult male
Spizella atrogularis
5-5 1/2" (13-14 cm). A gray sparrow with black chin and eye smudge, pink bill, chestnut-streaked mantle, white belly. Thin white wing bars. Female and juveniles lack black facial markings.
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adult
Amphispiza bilineata
5 1/4" (13 cm). Gray above, white below, with striking black throat and breast; two conspicuous white stripes on sides of head, one above and one below the eye. Sexes alike.
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adult
Peucaea botterii
5 1/4-6 1/4" (13-16 cm). Similar to Cassin's Sparrow but more slender, browner, and less boldly streaked on upperparts, with a more conspicuous eyebrow and a slightly less conical bill.
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adult
Spizella breweri
5" (13 cm). Light brown upperparts with black streaks; unmarked pale underparts. Resembles Clay-colored Sparrow, but has brown crown, finely streaked with black. Well-defined darker ear patch...
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adult
Melozone crissalis
8-10" (20-25 cm). Uniform gray-brown above and below, with buff or rust-colored undertail coverts.
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adult
Melozone fusca
8-10" (20-25 cm). Upperparts gray-brown, with paler buff throat, buff undertail coverts, and rusty crown. There is a dark spot in center of breast.
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adult
Peucaea cassinii
5 1/4-5 3/4" (13-15 cm). Fine brown streaking on grayish-brown head and back; dingy buff unstreaked underparts, with faint streaking on lower flanks occasionally visible. Sexes look alike. Young...
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adult male, breeding
Calcarius ornatus
5 1/2-6 1/2" (14-17 cm). Sparrow-sized. Similar to Lapland Longspur, but breeding male has wholly black underparts and some white on its face. Tail of female and winter male similar to that of...
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adult
Spizella passerina
5-5 1/2" (13-14 cm). A small sparrow. Upperparts are brown, streaked with black; underparts, sides of face, and rump are gray. Adult has chestnut crown, white eyebrow, with thin black line through...
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adult
Spizella pallida
5-5 1/2" (13-14 cm). A small sparrow with streaked crown and buffy upperparts and clear gray breast; similar to an immature Chipping Sparrow but brighter, with rump brownish buff instead of lead gray...
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adult male, Oregon junco
Junco hyemalis
5-6 1/4" (13-16 cm). This species shows much geographic variation in color. Typically, male of western population ("Oregon Junco") has black hood, chestnut mantle, white underparts with buff sides....
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adult male
Pipilo erythrophthalmus
7-8 1/2" (17-22 cm). Male has black hood, back, and wings. Tail black with white edging on outer feathers; breast and belly white with bright rufous sides. Female has same pattern, but is brown where...
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adult
Spizella pusilla
5 1/4" (13 cm). The combination of bright pink bill, rufous cap, white eye ring, and unstreaked buff breast distinguishes this from other sparrows.
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adult
Aimophila quinquestriata
5 1/2" (14 cm). A very dark sparrow with white stripes above and below eye and at sides and in center of throat. Bold, triangular black "whisker" mark. Rich, dark brownish gray above, rustier on back...
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adult Sooty (Pacific)
Passerella iliaca
6-7 1/2" (15-19 cm). A chubby, large sparrow, either dusky brown, or slate-colored in the West, or rich rufous in the East, often so dark that no back pattern can be discerned. Heavy streaking of...
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adult, nonbreeding
Zonotrichia atricapilla
6-7" (15-18 cm). Similar to White-crowned Sparrow. Male's gold crown bordered by wide black cap. Dusky bill. Brown above, with unstreaked gray breast, cheek, and collar; 2 white wing bars. Fall...
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