Species by Family: Hawks and Eagles

240 species: Worldwide. Twenty-four species breed in North America.

Thirty-two species of diurnal raptors-including hawks, eagles, kites, Northern Harrier, and Osprey (family Accipitridae) and falcons and Crested Caracara (Falconidae)-nest in North America.

adult
Haliaeetus leucocephalus
30-31" (76-79 cm). W. 6-7' 6" (1.8-2.3 m). A large blackish eagle with white head and tail and heavy yellow bill. Young birds lack the white head and tail, and resemble adult Golden Eagles, but are...
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adult
Buteo platypterus
13-15" (33-38 cm). W. 33" (84 cm). A stocky, pigeon-sized hawk. Adult plain brown above, barred with rusty color below, with broad black-and-white tail bands. Immatures similar, but sparsely spotted...
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adult
Buteogallus anthracinus
20-23" (51-58 cm). A stocky black bird of prey with broad wings and a broad white band across the tail; cere and legs yellow, latter visible in flight. When soaring, holds its wings flat and somewhat...
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adult male
Accipiter cooperii
14-20" (36-51 cm). W. 28" (71 cm). A crow-sized hawk, with long tail and short rounded wings. Adult slate-gray above, with dark cap, and finely rust-barred below. Immature brown above, whitish below...
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adult, light morph
Buteo regalis
22 1/2 -25" (57-64 cm). W. 4' 8" (1.4 m). A large hawk. Light-phase adult rufous above, mainly whitish below, with rufous "wrist" patch and leg feathers, and black primary tips. In rare dark phase,...
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adult
Aquila chrysaetos
30-41" (76-104 cm). W. 6' 6" (2 m). A large, all-dark eagle with a pale golden nape. Bill smaller and darker than that of Bald Eagle. In young birds, tail white at base, black at tip; white patches...
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adult
Buteo nitidus
16-18" (41-46 cm). W. 3' (91 cm). A small compact hawk with a yellow cere; pale gray above with white underparts finely barred with gray, and bold white bands on tail. Immatures have streaked brown...
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adult
Parabuteo unicinctus
18-23" (46-76 cm). W. 3' 7" (1.1 m). A black, crow-sized hawk with chestnut shoulders and thighs, white on rump and base of tail, and white tail tip. Immatures similar but more streaked.
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adult male
Chondrohierax uncinatus
15-17" (38-43 cm). W. 33" (84 cm). A small bird of prey with long hooked bill, short rounded wings, and tail boldly banded with black and white. Male slate-gray above, barred below with gray. Female...
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adult male
Ictinia mississippiensis
12-14" (30-36 cm). W. 3' (91 cm). A small bird of prey with narrow pointed wings. Adult gray, paler below and on head; tail and outer flight feathers in wings blackish, inner flight feathers whitish...
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adult male
Accipiter gentilis
20-26" (51-66 cm). W. 3' 6" (1.1 m). A robust hawk with a long narrow tail, short rounded wings, and bold white eyebrow. Adults blue-gray above with a black crown; pale underparts finely barred with...
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adult male
Circus cyaneus
16-24" (41-61 cm). W. 3' 6" (1.1 m). A long-winged, long-tailed hawk with a white rump, usually seen gliding unsteadily over marshes with its wings held in a shallow V. Male has pale gray back, head...
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adult, Florida
Buteo lineatus
16-24" (41-61 cm). W. 3'4" (1 m). A large, long-winged hawk with white barring on dark wings, rusty shoulders, pale underparts barred with rust, and narrowly banded tail. In flight shows translucent...
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adult, Eastern
Buteo jamaicensis
18-25" (46-64 cm). W. 4' (1.2 m). A large stocky hawk. Typical light-phase birds have whitish breast and rust-colored tail. Young birds duller, more streaked, lacking rust-colored tail of adult; they...
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adult male, dark morph
Buteo lagopus
19-24" (48-61 cm). W. 4' 4" (1.3 m). A large, long-winged hawk that often hovers. Tail white at base with a dark terminal band. Light-phase adult has sandy-brown head and neck, blackish belly, and...
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adult female
Accipiter striatus
10-14" (25-36 cm). W. 21" (53 cm). A jay-sized, fast-flying hawk with a long, narrow, square-tipped tail and short rounded wings. Adult slate-gray above, pale below, with fine rust-colored barring....
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adult, light morph
Buteo brachyurus
13-14" (33-36 cm). W. 35" (89 cm). A stocky, pigeon-sized hawk with two color phases. The light phase is dark above and white below; the dark phase (more common in Florida) is black above and below...
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adult male
Rostrhamus sociabilis
16-18" (41-46 cm). W. 3' 8" (1.1 m). A crow-sized bird of prey with long, thin, strongly hooked bill; broad, rounded wings; and dark tail with white base. Male dark slate in color, with base of bill...
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adult and chick in nest
Haliaeetus pelagicus
34-36" (86.5-91.5 cm). W. 80-95" (203-241 cm). A very large eagle; conspicuous white shoulder patches and white thighs; bill massive and orange-yellow; tail wedge-shaped and white, undertail coverts...
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adult, light morph
Buteo swainsoni
18-22" (46-56 cm). W. 4' 1" (1.2 m). A large hawk, uniform brown above, white below with warm-brown breast; tail dark brown and indistinctly banded. Longer, more pointed wings than Red-tailed Hawk....
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